Publicaciones Académicas

A neural blockchain for a tokenizable e-Participation model

Abstract:

Currently, Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs) and, especially, Blockchain technology represent a great opportunity for public institutions to improve citizen participation and foster democratic innovation. These technologies facilitate the simplification of processes and provide secure management of recorded data, guaranteeing the transmission and public transparency of information. Based on the combination of a Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) platform and G-Cloud solutions, our proposal consists of the design of an e-Participation model that uses a tokenizable system of the actions and processes undertaken by citizens in participatory processes providing incentives to promote greater participation in public affairs. In order to develop a sustainable, scalable and resilient e-Participation system, a new blockchain concept, which organizes the blocks as a neural system, is combined with the implementation of a virtual token to reward participants. Furthermore, this virtual token is deployed through a smart contract that the block itself produces, containing information about the transaction and all the documents involved in the process. Finally, our Neural Distributed Ledger (NDL) framework facilitates the interconnection of blockchain networks in a transparent, certified, secure, auditable, scalable and traceable way.

Referencia bibliográfica: Benítez-Martínez, F. L., Hurtado-Torres, M. V., & Romero-Frías, E. (2021). A neural blockchain for a tokenizable e-Participation model. Neurocomputing423, 703-712. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2020.03.116

Documento en pdf: https://digibug.ugr.es/handle/10481/62228

The “Tokenization” of the eParticipation in Public Governance: An Opportunity to Hack Democracy

Abstract:

Currently Distributed Ledger Technologies-DLTs, and especially the Blockchain technology, are an excellent opportunity for public institutions to transform the channels of citizen participation and reinvigorate democratic processes. These technologies permit the simplification of processes and make it possible to safely and securely manage the data stored in its records. This guarantees the transmission and public transparency of information, and thus leads to the development of a new citizen governance model by using technology such as a BaaS (Blockchain as a Service) platform. G-Cloud solutions would facilitate a faster deployment in the cities and provide scalability to foster the creation of Smart Citizens within the philosophy of Open Government. The development of an eParticipation model that can configure a tokenizable system of the actions and processes that citizens currently exercise in democratic environments is an opportunity to guarantee greater participation and thus manage more effective local democratic spaces. Therefore, a Blockchain solution in eDemocracy platforms is an exciting new opportunity to claim a new pattern of management amongst the agents that participate in the public sphere.

Referencia bibliográfica: Benítez Martínez F.L., Hurtado Torres M.V., Romero Frías E. (2020) The “Tokenization” of the eParticipation in Public Governance: An Opportunity to Hack Democracy. In: Prieto J., Das A., Ferretti S., Pinto A., Corchado J. (eds) Blockchain and Applications. BLOCKCHAIN 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1010. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23813-1_14
 
Documento en pdf: https://digibug.ugr.es/handle/10481/68591
Tesis Doctoral: Un modelo de gobernabilidad para procesos de eDemocracia basados en una red neuronal de blockchain

Abstract:

Este trabajo de investigación está inspirado en la necesidad de establecer un nuevo marco tecnológico para espacios de democracia electrónica (eDemocracia), con el fin de desarrollar nuevos procesos de gobernabilidad y nuevas herramientas de empoderamiento ciudadano. Para ello utilizaremos el potencial de la tecnología blockchain para diseñar nuevos procesos y herramientas de eParticipación. La propuesta está orientada con una perspectiva bottom-up para ser impulsada desde las administraciones locales, como un modelo SaaS (Software as a System) apoyándose en la construcción de nubes públicas para facilitar su escalabilidad y despliegue. Se ha diseñado una herramienta específica, una dApp (aplicación distribuida) construida en un framework novedoso de blockchain, que está diseñado como una red neural distribuida, que facilita su ejecución e integración en los actuales modelos de gestión de la eAdministración. Se pretende construir un nuevo marco de gobernanza al servicio de la eDemocracia (una tecnogobernanza), para diseñar nuevos espacios de gobernabilidad ciudadana. La meta principal de este trabajo es la creación de una herramienta de eParticipación basada en una solución BaaS (Blockchain as a Service), llamada VoteKeeper diseñada como un modelo tokenizado de reputación y recompensas ciudadanos, por parte de la administración local, que permita una total transparencia de los procesos, garantice la privacidad de las opciones tomadas y permita nuevos espacios de empoderamiento ciudadano.

Referencia Bibliográfica: Benítez-Martínez, Francisco Luis. Un modelo de gobernabilidad para procesos de eDemocracia basados en una red neuronal de blockchain. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 2021. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/65422]

Documento en pdf: https://digibug.ugr.es/handle/10481/65422